E-ISSN:2582-7545
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Research Article

Food Technology

Food and Agriculture Spectrum Journal

2021 Volume 02 Number 04 Jul-Aug
Publisherwww.gsrl.org

Evaluation of jam from combination of Gooseberry and Aloevera

G.1*
DOI: NA

1* Gurupriya , , Student, Dhanalakshmi srinivasan institute of research and technology, Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

The fruits of the gooseberry bush are small, weighing around 0.1-0.2 ounces (3-6grams) each. They may vary in color and can be green, red, yellow-white. Amla provides an eclectic mix of flavors that could not be compared to any of the common fruit types.it has a sour, astringent taste combined with a sweet and bitter undertone. Aloe vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed plant growing to 60-100cms (24-39inches) tall, spreading by offsets. The leaves are thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with some varieties showing white flecks on their upper and lower stem surfaces. Jams are made by combining sugar, pulp, and/or puree from one or more types of fruit, water, and jelling agents due to the increasing number of health problems occurring in society, caused by obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes, the demand for the products with reduced calorie content as increased on the market. Therefore particularly low-sugar jams in which some of the sucrose has been replaced by sweeteners (e.g., cane sugar, jaggery, honey), are valued by consumers. Honey is a natural sweetener, which, apart from there sweetening properties, exhibits antimicrobial, antioxidant and also acts as a preservative.

Keywords: Gooseberry, antioxidant, amla jam.

Corresponding Author How to Cite this Article To Browse
Gurupriya , , Student, Dhanalakshmi srinivasan institute of research and technology, Anna University, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.
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Gurupriya , Evaluation of jam from combination of Gooseberry and Aloevera. FASJ. 2021;02(04):105-.
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https://fasj.org/index.php/fasj/article/view/73

Manuscript Received Review Round 1 Review Round 2 Review Round 3 Accepted
2021-07-07 2021-07-16 2021-07-26 2021-07-31 2021-08-18
Conflict of Interest Funding Ethical Approval Plagiarism Turnitin Note
NA Nil Yes 17%

© 2021by Gurupriya and Published by The Genesis of Science Research and Literature Foundation. This is an Open Access article licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ unported [CC BY 4.0].

Introduction

Phyllanthus Emblica, commonly known as ‘Indian gooseberry’ or ‘amla’. It is an indigenous fruit of the Indian subcontinent and also a versatile fruit due to its various medicinal properties. It is one of the oldest Indian fruits and is considered a “wonder fruit for health because of its unique qualities (Shekhawat et al., 2014). It is a small-sized, mirror sub-tropical fruit and grows widely along the hillsides and sub-mountainous areas of North India. The fruits of Amla are widely used as major constituents in several ayurvedic preparations which promote health and longevity (1). Amla is one of the richest sources of vitamin c, ascorbic acid, gallic acid, tannins, minerals, flavonoids, (Quercetin, Kaempferol) pectin, and also contain polyphenolic compounds. Amla contains nearly 20 times more vitamin c than oranges. The ascorbic acid content of fresh amla fruit ranges 950/100g which is said to be highest among all fruits net to Barbados cherry (2). Whereas dried amla product is significantly affected by two drying methods, the higher ascorbic acid content in the product was obtained (285.2mg/100g) with solar drying(3)(4). Amla has a beneficial effect in decreasing the cholesterol content of the blood(5)It is also used for treating chronic- dysentery, bronchitis, diabetes, cancer, etc(6)(7). It can prevent or reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy because it has antioxidant properties main mechanism behind its activity is by enhancing natural killer (NK) cell activity in various tumor cells. Anti-aging property is one of the major properties other than antioxidant, anti-carcinogenic effect, anti tumor, etc.

 

 Aloe vera is a perennial, succulent, and drought-resistant plant. The popularity of aloe vera in the medical world has emerged and been amplified for thousand of years. In this day and age, one of the most important uses of aloe vera in the medical world has emerged and been amplified for thousand of years. In this day and age, one of the most important uses of aloe vera is in the industry of cosmetics. Besides, aloe vera is also used in the medical field and well known medicinal plant for diabetes by lower the fasting blood glucose(FBG)levels.

These two magical fruits combine to create a jam that can help to deal with almost all the health

issues you may have. It is vital to choose the organic variety of this jam for better nutrition & quality. The jam comes loaded with a bevy of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants essential for our body and also works as an immunity booster. so we can consume it daily and can include it in our diet. The nutrient mixture is edible for all kinds of age people.

Materials & method

Take 1kg of ripened amla (red in color) wash it thoroughly with running water, clean them one by one and remove all the sweets. Then take 250g of aloe vera leaf flesh. Amla and aloe vera are quantitatively separated into three vessels add some water in each vessel and 1 teaspoon lemon juice which is also each vitamin c vessel and mix well .keep the vessels on the stone and boil at the medium flame between 70-75 for 20 minutes now add cane sugar in one vessel and another with jaggery and honey separately. Again allow boiling for another 10 minutes turn off the stove if the mixture gets well cooked. Keep it at room temperature until it and. No need of adding food color because it is already in the bright color of amla. No need for any preservatives because tannin trey out as a natural preservative pour the mixture into three containers and store in the refrigerator.

Quality assays

  • Sheet test:

In the sheet test, the jam from three glass containers is taken in three different clean spoons and it is slowly dropped in sheets to check the consistency of the product.it slowly drops due to high viscosity. This high viscosity is formed due to pectin. It also determines the quality of the product [7].

  • Drop test:

 Take a drop of jam and put it into a glass of water that unit dissolves that will float in the water. The high of the vicious jam it doesn’t get dissolve in water .so of has better consistency (8)].

  • Sugar test (Refractometer): This test is used to determine the sugar ratio.it unit is brix. The total Brix value is divided by 2 and we can have calculated total sucrose present in the particular product (9)
  • Protein determination:

Lowry’s method is used to determine the protein content in gooseberry. Aloe vera copper is mainly present in lowry’s reagent and it can react with peptide bond present in protein the copper is reduced to a blue color to indicate the presence of protein reagent are A-2 / sodium carbonate on 0.1N, sodium hydroxide reagent B-0.5/, cupric sulphate in 1/ potassium tartrate, reagent c-1ml reagent B is added to 50ml of reagent A and BSA standard -1mg/ml[(10)

  • Refrigeration testing:

In refrigerating testing the little amount of boiling sample in a freezer for some time and can be removed from the plate so it confirmed the quality of the product.

  • Carbohydrates testing:

The carbohydrate test is done by the DNS method, the alkaline solution of 3,5 die nitro salicylic acid reacts with reducing sugar and converts it to 3 -amino-5-nitro salicylic acid. The solution turns in to orange color that indicates the presence of reducing sugar. Reagents involved in DNS method are glucose working standard -10mg/ml,DNS reagent (3ml)and 40/ potassium sodium tartrate(11)

  • Organoleptic test
  • Taste: the jam is very sweet and in a good flavor
  • Texture: They are rich in flavor and aromatic and have improper texture.
  • Colour: Hence, we did not add any color but it looks like finally a beautiful burgundy color.

 

Result & discussion

The amount of protein-carbohydrate and sugar are mentioned below in table1. Cane sugar jaggery and honey are the alternatives to sugar. So you can undoubtedly use these alternatives for anyone and also for diabetic and cholesterol patients. It is good for health at a limited quantity.

Sr: No Quality Analysis Test Result
1. Sugar Test -
2. Protein Test 0.3g
3. carbohydrates 26g

Table:1 Consists of quality analysis of the jam

Conclusion

The amla -aloe jam control blood sugar levels in our body. so we can overcome the diseases like diabetics, hypertension, blood pressure, and obesity, etc. Natural sweeteners like jaggery honey, cane sugar is more effective than artificial sweetener. Honey is a natural sweetener and has antimicrobial and fungal properties it is also used for preservation and helps to improve the quality of food products. So concluded that the aloe vera pulp in amla jam can improve the nutritional quality of product and add variety to the diet.

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