A Short Review on ‘Food Addiction’
“Food addiction” has now become field of research for scientist striving to explain various operations and/or behaviors contributing towards the increasing obesity. Ambivalency related to different foods like chocolate arouses which is highly palatable but must be eaten with control. Attempting to regulate its intake, however,it makes it more desirable for chocolate to become more striking , This experience is than categorized as a craving .Although many researchers has discussed on “food addiction” is in its emerging stage, it has potentially many important suggestions for prevention and treatment strategies. This is to be anticipated , as addictive drugs always spout into the same type of processes & systems evolving to stimulate & control compatile behaviours,that includes eating.Analysing food addiction symptoms in nascent stage may help in reducing the probability that neurotic food consumption patterns end up with obesity & weight gain . Methodological considerations are discussed.This mini review is based on the recent studies on Food addiction and its relation with Food craving & obesity.
2.Olsen CM (2011) "Natural rewards, neuroplasticity, and non-drug addictions. Neuropharmacol. 61:1109–1122.
3.Meule A (2015) Back by popular demand: a narrative review on the history of food addiction research. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 88, 295-302.
4.Altman J, Everitt BJ, Glautier S, Markou, A, Nutt D, Oretti R, Phillips GD, Robbins TW (1996) The biological, social and clinical bases of drug addiction: commentary and debate. Psychopharmacology, 125, 285-345.
5.American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition.
6.Robinson TE and Berridge KC (1993) The neural basis of drug craving: an incentive-sensitization theory of addiction. Brain Research Reviews, 18, 247-291.
7.Sussman, S., Sussman, A.N., 2011. Considering the definition of addiction. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 8, 4025–4038.
8.Hu FB, Malik VS. Sugar-sweetened beverages and risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes: epidemiologic evidence. Physiol Behav 2010;100:4754.
9.Malik VS, Pan A, Willett WC, Hu FB. Sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain in children and adults: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Am J Clin Nutr 2013;98:1084102.
10.Bray GA, Popkin BM. Dietary sugar and body weight: have we reached a crisis in the epidemic of obesity and diabetes? Health be damned! Pour on the sugar. Diabetes Care 2014;37:9506.
11. Yang Q, Zhang Z, Gregg EW, Flanders WD, Merritt R, Hu FB. Added sugar intake and cardiovascular diseases mortality among US adults. JAMA Intern Med 2014.
12. Johnson RJ, Sa´nchez-Lozada LG, Andrews P, Lanaspa MA. Perspective: a historical and scientific perspective of sugar and its relation with obesity and diabetes. Adv Nutr 2017;8:41222.174:51624.
13.Avitia GC, Loya Me´ndez Y, Portillo Reyes V, Reyes Leal G, Capps Iv JW. Cravings, sugar and fat consumption as determinant factors of obesity in young adults in Juarez City. Nutr Hosp 2018;35:83340.
14. Hebebrand J, Albayrak O, Adan R, Antel J, Dieguez C, de Jong J, et al. Eating addiction, rather than food addiction, better captures addictive-like eating behavior. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2014;47:295306.
15. Stricker EM. The physiological basis of sodium appetite. A new look at the ‘‘depleted-repleted” model. In: Kare MR, Fregly MJ, Bernard RA, editors. Biological and behavioral aspects of salt intake. New York: Academic Press; 1980. p. 185–202.
16. Geerling JC, Loewy AD. Central regulation of sodium appetite. Exp Physiol 2008;93(2):177–209.
17. Conover KL, Woodside B, Shizgal P. Effects of sodium depletion on competition and summation between rewarding effects of salt and lateral hypothalamic stimulation in the rat. Behav Neurosci 1994;108(3):549–58.
18. Beauchamp GK, Bertino M, Burke D, Engelman K. Experimental sodium depletion and salt taste in normal human volunteers. Am J Clin Nutr 1990;51(5):881–9.
19. Liddle GW. The adrenals, Part I – The adrenal cortex. In: Williams RH, editor. Textbook of endocrinology. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1974. P. 233–82.